Hierarchical modeling of multi-scale dynamical systems using adaptive radial basis function neural networks: application to synthetic jet actuator wing



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Texas A&M University


To obtain a suitable mathematical model of the input-output behavior of highly nonlinear, multi-scale, nonparametric phenomena, we introduce an adaptive radial basis function approximation approach. We use this approach to estimate the discrepancy between traditional model areas and the multiscale physics of systems involving distributed sensing and technology. Radial Basis Function Networks offers the possible approach to nonparametric multi-scale modeling for dynamical systems like the adaptive wing with the Synthetic Jet Actuator (SJA). We use the Regularized Orthogonal Least Square method (Mark, 1996) and the RAN-EKF (Resource Allocating Network-Extended Kalman Filter) as a reference approach. The first part of the algorithm determines the location of centers one by one until the error goal is met and regularization is achieved. The second process includes an algorithm for the adaptation of all the parameters in the Radial Basis Function Network, centers, variances (shapes) and weights. To demonstrate the effectiveness of these algorithms, SJA wind tunnel data are modeled using this approach. Good performance is obtained compared with conventional neural networks like the multi layer neural network and least square algorithm. Following this work, we establish Model Reference Adaptive Control (MRAC) formulations using an off-line Radial Basis Function Networks (RBFN). We introduce the adaptive control law using a RBFN. A theory that combines RBFN and adaptive control is demonstrated through the simple numerical simulation of the SJA wing. It is expected that these studies will provide a basis for achieving an intelligent control structure for future active wing aircraft.