Efficacy of hyper-osmotic agent (100% anhydrous glycerol) in tissue and light-activated micro-pattern drug delivery device in in vivo rabbit eye



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My PhD research involves multi-disciplinary areas of study such as measuring perfusion of blood vessels in hamster dorsal skin using laser speckle imaging technique. In this study the changes were measured in blood flow velocity and diameters of micro vasculatures after the influence of glycerol application. The second study identifies the changes in morphology and optical properties of eye tissue after applying hyper-osmotic agent such as 100% anhydrous glycerol. Further investigation on the reversal process was performed without any application of 0.9% saline. The third study identified the variation in fluorescence in hamster dorsal skin tissue and enucleated porcine eyes with temperature. This study investigated the variation in fluorescence intensity with temperatures starting at 14°C and compared in vivo and in vitro results for consistency. The fourth study investigated an implantable drug delivery package that was fabricated using PMMA and implanted between the sub-conjunctival and super-scleral space and release the content of the device by either mechanical pressure or light-activated ophthalmic Nd:YAG laser after optically clearing the eye tissue by topical application of a hyper-osmotic agent, 100% anhydrous glycerol. A hyper-osmotic agent creates a transport region in the conjunctiva and sclera to get visual access of the compartments in the drug delivery package. This new technology would provide the option to the patient of one time implantation of the carrier system containing the drug. Each time the patient requires medication a ND-YAG or other laser beam will propagate through the cleared eye tissue to release the drug in measurable doses at the discretion of the doctor from the package directly in to the vitreous humor. In this study we have measured half-life of the dye in the vitreous humor or posterior chamber and biocompatibility. The last study had drawn distinction between the fluorescence signals based on the location (anterior or posterior chamber) of the 10% Na fluorescence dye in the in vivo rabbit and ex vivo pig eyes.