Structural control Architecture Optimization for 3-D Systems Using Advanced Multi-Objective Genetic Algorithms



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The architectures of the control devices in active control algorithm are an important fact in civil structural buildings. Traditional research has limitations in finding the optimal architecture of control devices such as using predefined numbers or locations of sensors and dampers within the 2-and 3-dimensional (3-D) model of the structure. Previous research using single-objective optimization only provides limited data for defining the architecture of sensors and control devices. The Linear Quadratic Gaussian (LQG) control algorithm is used as the active control strategy. The American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) control benchmark building definition is used to develop the building system model. The proposed gene manipulation genetic algorithm (GMGA) determines the near-optimal Pareto fronts which consist of varying numbers and locations of sensors and control devices for controlling the ASCE benchmark building by considering multi-objectives such as interstory drift and minimizing the number of the control devices. The proposed GMGA reduced the central processing unit (CPU) run time and produced more optimal Pareto fronts for the 2-D and 3-D 20-story building models. Using the GMGA provided several benefits: (1) the possibility to apply any presuggested multi-objective optimization mechanism; (2) the availability to perform a objective optimization problem; (3) the adoptability of the diverse encoding provided by the GA; (4) the possibility of including the engineering judgment in generating the next generation population by using a gene creation mechanisms; and (5) the flexibility of the gene creation mechanism in applying and changing the mechanism dependent on optimization problem. The near-optimal Pareto fronts obtained offer the structural engineer a diverse choice in designing control system and installing the control devices. The locations and numbers of the dampers and sensors in each story are highly dependent on the sensor locations. By providing near-Pareto fronts of possible solutions to the engineer that also consider diverse earthquakes, the engineer can get normalized patterns of architectures of control devices and sensors about random earthquakes.