The evolution of advocacy for the handicapped child



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Texas Tech University


The purpose of this study was to develop an historical perspective of the evolutionary role of advocacy in the life of the handicapped child within the educational environment. The civil rights of handicapped persons have been violated for many years (Weintraub & Abeson, 1974). Within the school setting educational placement was made on the basis of what was expedient for the school, not on the basis of the needs or rights of the student (Chiba & Semmel, 1977). America's handicapped children have not been treated differently from those in other societies, for the general rule has been to postpone, exclude, suspend, or outright deny their entrance to the school and the learning situation.