Turbulent boundary layers over receiver arrays
A study of the fluctuating wall pressure and unsteady velocity field in a flat plate turbulent boundary layer flow was conducted over a moderate range of Reynolds numbers to better understand the mechanisms by which the two fields are coupled. Individual and coincident measurements of the fluctuating pressure and velocity fields were acquired using a 20 element hydrophone array and a two-component Laser Doppler Anemometer, respectively. Estimates of the velocity power spectral density (PSD) revealed two primary trends predicted by turbulence theory, k⁻¹ in the region of (ky) = 10⁰ due to anisotropy of the large scales, and k⁻⁵/³ for larger values of (ky) where structures appear more isotropic. The mean velocity profiles, having been collapsed using outer scaling variables, exhibited the presence of a slightly adverse pressure gradient with a n = 6 power law shape. As for the fluctuating wall pressure, increased Reynolds numbers produced increases in the amplitude and frequency of the characteristic signatures from which the pressure spectral densities were also found to collapse reasonably well using outer scaling variables. The results suggest the location in the flow where the mechanisms responsible for driving the fluctuating wall pressure signatures reside. Space-time correlations and frequency-wavenumber analysis reveal a convective ridge in the fluctuating wall pressure corresponding to the passage of several organized structures at 75% of the free stream velocity for all Reynolds numbers tested.