Development of nanofiber protective substrates
Electrospinning uses high voltage electric field to produce high surface area fibers in the nanometer range. Polymeric nanofibers were prepared by the electrospinning process and were characterized using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM). A study on the relationship between process parameters and fiber characteristics was undertaken. The dependence of fiber morphology on the solvent volatility and collector substrate characteristics was critically analyzed. Results on the self assembling nature of the charged fibers over different collector substrates were obtained and reported in the thesis. Defect free nanofiber webs with high specific surface area and low porosities suitable enough to be used as adsorptive filtration membranes were prepared. Polyurethane nanofibers were used as nano metal oxide catalyst carriers by successfully impregnating the catalyst in a single-step electrospinning process. Aerosol filtration abilities of nanofiber membranes were tested and the results are presented.