Characterization of asphalt concrete using anisotropic damage viscoelastic-viscoplastic model
This dissertation presents the integration of a damage viscoelastic constitutive relationship with a viscoplastic relationship in order to develop a comprehensive anisotropic damage viscoelastic-viscoplastic model that is capable of capturing hot mix asphalt (HMA) response and performance under a wide range of temperatures, loading rates, and stress states. The damage viscoelasticity model developed by Schapery (1969) is employed to present the recoverable response, and the viscoplasticity model developed at the Texas Transportation Institute (TTI) is improved and used to model the irrecoverable strain component. The influence of the anisotropic aggregate distribution is accounted for in both the viscoelastic and viscoplastic responses. A comprehensive material identification experimental program is developed in this study. The experimental program is designed such that the quantification and decomposition of the response into viscoelastic and viscoplastic components can be achieved. The developed experimental program and theoretical framework are used to analyze repeated creep tests conducted on three mixes that include aggregates with different characteristics. An experiment was conducted to capture and characterize the three-dimensional distribution of aggregate orientation and air voids in HMA specimens. X-ray computed tomography (CT) and image analysis techniques were used to analyze the microstructure in specimens before and after being subjected to triaxial repeated creep and recovery tests as well as monotonic constant strain rate tests. The results indicate that the different loading conditions and stress states induce different microstructure distributions at the same macroscopic strain level. Also, stress-induced anisotropy is shown to develop in HMA specimens.