Synthesis, characterization and capillary electrophoretic use of new, single-isomer hexasulfated alpha-cyclodextrins



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Texas A&M University


The first three, pure, single-isomer, 6-O-sulfo a-cyclodextrins, the sodium salts of hexakis(6-O-sulfo)-a-CD (HxS), hexakis(2,3-di-O-methyl-6-O-sulfo)-a-cyclodextrin (HxDMS) and hexakis(2,3-di-O-acetyl-6-O-sulfo)-a-cyclodextrin (HxDAS) have been synthesized, analytically characterized and utilized as chiral resolving agents in capillary electrophoresis. The purity of each synthetic intermediate and of the final product was determined by HPLC-ELSD and indirect UV-detection capillary electrophoresis. The structural identity of each intermediate and final product was verified by 1D and 2D NMR, and mass spectrometry.HxS, HxDMS and HxDAS have been used to separate a series of neutral, basic, ampholytic and acidic enantiomers in pH 2.5 and pH 9.5 aqueous and acidic methanol background electrolytes using capillary electrophoresis. Rapid separations with satisfactory peak resolution values were obtained for most of the analytes, indicating that HxS, HxDAS and HxDMS can serve as chiral resolving agent for a wide range of analytes. The observed separation patterns follow the predictions of the CHArged Resolving agent Migration (CHARM) model. The separation patterns observed with HxS, HxDAS and HxDMS as chiral resolving agent were compared with those of (1) b-cyclodextrin analogues, such as, heptakis(6-O-sulfo)-b-cyclodextrin (HS), heptakis(2,3-di-O-acetyl-6-O-sulfo)-b-cyclodextrin (HDAS) and heptakis(2,3-di-O-methyl-6-O-sulfo)-b-cyclodextrin (HDMS); (2) g-cyclodextrin analogues, such as, octakis(6-O-sulfo)-g-cyclodextrin (OS), octakis(2,3-di-O-acetyl-6-Osulfo)- g-cyclodextrin (ODAS) and octakis(2,3-di-O-methyl-6-O-sulfo)-g-cyclodextrin (ODMS). The effects of the structure of the analytes, and those of the pH and the solvent of the background electrolyte were also studied.