Development of a simple apparent temperature model in hot and cold outdoor work environments



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Texas Tech University


This study develops and evaluates a modified apparent temperature (MAT) model, validates this model with physiological data reported in the literature and with Goldman's model of physiological responses. A simplified MAT (SAT) model is also developed.

The primary results of the study were:

  1. Explanation of the apparent temperature (AT) model;
  2. Development of a modified apparent temperature (MAT) model;
  3. Validation of the modified apparent temperature (MAT) model using physiological data from literature;
  4. Evaluation of the modified apparent temperature (MAT) model by comparing it with the physiological heat transfer model (Goldman's model);
  5. Simulation of the MAT model over the wide range of thermal conditions;
  6. Performance of a sensitivity analysis of components in the MAT model; and
  7. Simplification of the modified apparent temperature model (SAT). Results indicate that an apparent temperature model provides a valid representation of the physiological responses to a thermal environment. The MAT model can be simplified into a two-parameter SAT equation with a reasonably small loss in accuracy.

This study supports the concept that AT is not only useful as an indicator of how a temperature feels, but it also meaningfully corresponds to changes in deep body temperature and thus potential heat stress.