Parenting style and older children's and young adolescents' dietary intake and nutritional status

dc.contributorMcIntosh, Wm. Alex
dc.creatorKim, Mi Jeong
dc.description.abstractWhile parenting style and its relevant dimensions have long been studied in the area of child development, studies on the effects of perceived parenting behaviors on children??????s/adolescents?????? nutritional health status have been largely neglected. The present study examined whether perceived parenting style and its dimensions are associated with older children??????s/young adolescents?????? health outcomes, including self-concept, eating behaviors, physical activity behaviors, energy and nutrient intake, and body measurements. This study placed a distinct emphasis on gender differences by exploring the effects of maternal and paternal parenting behaviors on male versus female subjects?????? health outcomes in separate analyses. In addition, this study extended the investigation of the roles family meal behaviors play in an environment in which general parenting behaviors exert their impact on children??????s/adolescents?????? health. Sources of insight from nutrition, psychology, and sociology contributed to this holistic examination of children??????s/adolescents?????? health. The study subjects included 123 children (9-11 years old) and 106 adolescents (13-15 years old). Data were obtained through survey questionnaires, dietary recall and records, and anthropometry. Various statistical methods were employed in this study, including multiple regression analysis, cluster analysis, factor analysis, and path analysis. Findings of this study confirmed that an authoritative style is more desirable for study subjects?????? health outcomes, compared with a non-authoritative style. Generally, maternal/paternal nurturing appeared to be desirable, but maternal/paternal control was an undesirable predictor of youth health, while the subjects?????? age (9-11 versus 13-15 years) and gender played critical roles in the associations. Family meal behaviors appeared to be significant predictors of youth health outcomes. Findings from path analysis suggested that the effects of maternal/paternal nurturing/control on the subjects?????? health outcomes are mediated by family meal behaviors. Perception that family dinner meals are family rituals turned out to be the most important mediator of the relationship between maternal/paternal nurturing and the subjects?????? health outcomes. Of interest, lack of food pressure by parents appeared to be detrimental to eating behaviors and essential nutrient intake of study subjects. Finally, this study showed that fathers play positive roles in improving male/female subjects?????? as well as children??????s/adolescents?????? health outcomes, especially their physical activity behaviors and self-concept.
dc.publisherTexas A&M University
dc.subjectparenting style
dc.subjectnutritional status
dc.titleParenting style and older children's and young adolescents' dietary intake and nutritional status