Del Centro a la Periferia: Surgimiento y Caida de los Poetas Intelectuales en America Latina
My dissertation studies the end of the poet as a public intellectual in Latin America. I analyze the works of Rub?n Dar?o, particularly El Rey Burgu?s, the nonfiction works of Jorge Luis Borges, and culminate with the analysis of the essays of Octavio Paz, specifically El ogro filantr?pico, The three mention poets elaborated a vision of the dilemma of new intellectual as a public figure; they defied the Status Quo, personified by the ?Rey Burgu?s? and the ?Ogro filantr?pico?. Furthermore, they witnessed the end of the intellectual writer as a builder of Nations.
In the XIX century politicians were intellectuals as well: humanists, writers, philosophers such as Bello, Sarmiento, among others. With the new world order brought by the economic shift, the role of politician and writer parted ways and became specialized. Now, the intellectual poet confronts the power of the State. The writer strives to survive in the new economic order: he becomes journalist, teacher, and bureaucrat, among other things. He is now the poet in El Rey Burgu?s, who dies, the poet who consumes himself in the library, or deals with the Ogro filantr?pico in order to survive. Paz seems to be the last of these ?Hombre de letras?.