Detection of oxidation in human serum lipoproteins
Myers, Christine Lee
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A method for the oxidation of lipoproteins in vitro was developed using the free radical initiator, 2,2?-azobis-(2-amidinopropane) dihydrochloride (AAPH). Following in vitro oxidation, the susceptibility to oxidation of the serum samples was studied using density gradient ultracentifugation and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS). Shifts in mean buoyant density of the lipoprotein particles, specifically low density lipoprotein (LDL) and high density lipoprotein (HDL), were observed in the density profile following centrifugation. The degree of shift in the density proved to be proportional to the extent of oxidation. Changes in apolipoproteins were studied with MALDI-TOF-MS. Observed variations in the mass spectra include m/z shifts due to chemical modifications and change in isoform distributions. The oxidation procedure and analysis techniques were applied to a clinical application to study the effects of table grape consumption on lipoprotein susceptibility to oxidation. The main objective of the research, to show feasibility that these methods could be used in a clinical setting, was achieved.