Evaluation of base isolation and soil structure interaction effects on the seismic response of bridges
MetadataShow full item record
A continuous formulation to calculate the dynamic stiffness matrix of structural members with distributed masses is presented in detail and verified with some simple examples. The dynamic model of a specific bridge (the Marga-Marga bridge in Chile) was developed using this formulation, and the model was then used to obtain the transfer functions of the motions at different points of the bridge due to seismic excitation. The model included rubber pads, used for base isolation, as additional members. The transfer functions were obtained with and without rubber pads to investigate their effect. The dynamic stiffness of complete pile foundations was calculated by a semi-analytical solution with Poulos?? assumption. General observations on group effects under various conditions were obtained from the result of these studies. The dynamic stiffness of the pile foundations for the Marga-Marga bridge was then obtained and used to study the soil structure interaction effects on the seismic response of the bridge. Records obtained during a real earthquake were examined and interpreted in light of the results from all these analyses. Finally, conclusions and recommendations on future studies are presented.