An improved wetted-wall bioaerosol sampling cyclone
Phull, Manpreet Singh
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A modified wetted-wall cyclone using different methods of water injection techniques upstream of the inlet was designed as an improvement to a wetted-wall cyclone developed by White, which uses liquid injection through a port on the wall of the cyclone inlet. The new cyclone has a high aerosol sampling flow rate (1250 L/min) and maintains constant cut-point with the modified White-type cyclone along with greater collection efficiency, lower time response, and reduced pressure drop. The final air-blast atomizer cyclone (AAC2.1a) design considered has an aerosol-tohydrosol collection efficiency cut-point of 1.3 mm with collection efficiencies at 1 and 2 mm of 39.9% and 86%, respectively. The efficiency reported for the modified White-type cyclone for particle sizes of 1 and 2 mm was 40.5% and 76.3%, respectively, under no water bypass conditions. The aerosol-to-aerosol transmission efficiency for the AAC2.1a configuration was found to be approximately 53.7% for 1 mm diameter particles as compared with 67.2% for the modified White-type cyclone. Dry and wet time response tests were performed in which the modified White-type cyclone had an initial response of 2.5 minutes for a wet start and 1 minute for a dry start for a condition where there was no liquid carryover through the cyclone outlet. The rise time for AAC2.1a cyclone under dry and wet start conditions was 0.5 minutes and 1.3 minutes, respectively. The decay response of the modified White-type cyclone was 1.1 minutes for a wet start and 1.2 minutes for a dry start. The corresponding numbers for AAC2.1a cyclone were 1.4 minutes for a dry start and 1 minute for a wet start condition. Off design tests were run at approximately ????10% air flow rates to see the effect on cyclone performance. It was seen that at a 10% higher flow rate (1350 L/min) the efficiency was 54.3%. At a 10% lower flow rate (1125 L/min) the efficiency was 33.7% as compared with an efficiency of 39.9% at 1250 L/min for 1.0 mm PSL particles. It was found that at a water input of 0.8 mL/min the efficiency reduced to 79.3% as compared to 86% at an input flow rate of 1.6 mL/min for 2 mm size PSL.