Developing sampling weights for complex surveys : an approach to the School Physical Activity and Nutrition (SPAN) project



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Sampling weights are recommended to be incorporated in surveys to compensate for the disproportionality of the sample with respect to the target population of interest. This report presents how to develop sampling weights for a population-based study where a sample was randomly selected and demonstrates the process of developing such sampling weights. We exemplify the development of sampling weights with a real research project entitled School Physical Activity and Nutrition (SPAN) project. In this report, we first introduce the probability-based survey and related key concepts, such as sampling design, sampling frame and sampling weights. Then we discuss the sampling design and the construction of the sampling frame for the SPAN project. We next demonstrate the method and the process of developing the sampling weights for the SPAN project. Lastly, we present the results with an example.