From quantum many body systems to nonlinear Schrödinger Equations



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The derivation of nonlinear dispersive PDE, such as the nonlinear Schrödinger (NLS) or nonlinear Hartree equations, from many body quantum dynamics is a central topic in mathematical physics, which has been approached by many authors in a variety of ways. In particular, one way to derive NLS is via the Gross-Pitaevskii (GP) hierarchy, which is an infinite system of coupled linear non-homogeneous PDE. In this thesis we present two types of results related to obtaining NLS via the GP hierarchy. In the first part of the thesis, we derive a NLS with a linear combination of power type nonlinearities in R[superscript d] for d = 1, 2. In the second part of the thesis, we focus on considering solutions to the cubic GP hierarchy and we prove unconditional uniqueness of low regularity solutions to the cubic GP hierarchy in R[superscript d] with d ≥ 1: the regularity of solution in our result coincides with known regularity of solutions to the cubic NLS for which unconditional uniqueness holds.