Religious coping : the role of religion in mediating the effects of sex victimization on trust.




Tamburello, Jeffrey A.

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Recent reports concerning violence against women estimate that over 3% of female college students are sexually assaulted each year. If other forms of nonconsensual sexual contact are included in these numbers, the estimates climb to upwards of 20%. With such high victimization rates, there is a resounding call for study of both offenders and victims to decrease these rates and mitigate the social effects of being victimized. Using data from a longitudinal study of female college students, this paper outlines the effects of victimization on the generalized trust held by the victims. Religious service attendance, as a venue for social capital, and religious normative influence are tested as potential medium for mediation of these effects. Mechanisms for this mediation are also discussed.