Integrated geological and petrophysical investigation on carbonate rocks of the middle early to late early Canyon high frequency sequence in the Northern Platform area of the SACROC Unit



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The SACROC unit is an isolated carbonate platform style of reservoir that typifies a peak icehouse system. Icehouse carbonate platforms are one of the least well understood and documented carbonate reservoir styles due to the reservoir heterogeneities they embody. The current study is an attempt to recognize carbonate rock types defined based on rock fabrics by integrating log and core based petrophysical analysis in high-frequency cycle (HFC) scale sequence stratigraphic framework and to improve our ability to understand static and dynamic petrophysical properties of these reservoir rock types, and there by, improve our understanding of heterogeneity in the middle early to late early Canyon (Canyon 2) high frequency sequence (HFS) in the Northern Platform of the SACROC Unit. Based on core descriptions, four different sub-tidal depositional facies were defined in the Canyon 2 HFS. Identified depositional facies were grouped into three different reservoir rock types in respect to their rock fabrics in order for the HFC scale petrophysical reservoir rock type characteristic analysis. Composed of succession of the identified reservoir rocks, twenty different HFCs were determined within the HFC scale sequence stratigraphic framework. The overall trend in the HFCs demonstrate systematic coarsening upward cycles with high reservoir quality at the cycle tops and low reservoir quality at the cycle bottoms. It was observed in terms of systems tracts described within the cycle scale frame work that the overall stacking pattern for high stand systems tracts (HST) and transgressive systems tracts (TST) is aggradational. And, the reservoir rocks representing the HST are more porous and permeable than those of TST. In addition to that, it was detected that the diagenetic overprint on the HST reservoir rocks is more than that of the TST. According to the overall petrophysical observations, the grain-dominated packstone deposited during HST was interpreted as the best reservoir rock. Upon well log analysis on the identified reservoir rocks, some specific log responses were attributed to the identified reservoir rocks as their characteristic log signatures.