Simulation of fluid flow mechanisms in high permeability zones (Super-K) in a giant naturally fractured carbonate reservoir



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Fluid flow mechanisms in a large naturally fractured heterogeneous carbonate reservoir were investigated in this manuscript. A very thin layer with high permeability that produces the majority of production from specific wells and is deemed the Super-K Zone was investigated. It is known that these zones are connected to naturally occurring fractures. Fluid flow in naturally fractured reservoirs is a very difficult mechanism to understand. To accomplish this mission, the Super-K Zone and fractures were treated as two systems. Reservoir management practices and decisions should be very carefully reviewed and executed in this dual continuum reservoir based on the results of this work. Studying this dual media flow behavior is vital for better future completion strategies and for enhanced reservoir management decisions. The reservoir geology, Super-K identification and natural fractures literature were reviewed. To understand how fluid flows in such a dual continuum reservoir, a dual permeability simulation model has been studied. Some geological and production iv data were used; however, due to unavailability of some critical values of the natural fractures, the model was assumed hypothetical. A reasonable history match was achieved and was set as a basis of the reservoir model. Several sensitivity studies were run to understand fluid flow behavior and prediction runs were executed to help make completion recommendations for future wells based on the results obtained. Conclusions and recommended completions were highlighted at the end of this research. It was realized that the natural fractures are the main source of premature water breakthrough, and the Super-K acts as a secondary cause of water channeling to the wellbore.