A 6-beam combiner using superimposed volume index holographic gratings



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Texas A&M University


In this thesis, a 6-beam combiner using multiplexed holograms in dye-doped polymer is investigated. It is realized by recording six superimposed holographic gratings, which show uniform diffraction efficiency. The coupled wave theory for N superimposed gratings is more generalized and is used to analyze the amplitudes of diffracted waves in three different boundary conditions.
Multiple-ring diffracted beam analysis is proposed to determine the dynamic range of a holographic material. The M/# is evaluated by recording a single hologram and counting the number of ring patterns in the diffracted beam. This analysis is extended to assess the equalized grating strength of N superimposed holograms. Six holograms with the equalized grating strength which can be assigned within the dynamic range of our material and show maximum diffraction efficiency are recorded. The phase locking of five beams to one reference beam is performed using PZT controller. The designs of lock-in amplifier, ramp generator and servo using commercial chips are demonstrated. The readout set-up used to split one single beam into six coherent copies is presented. The function of each part of the PZT controller in the readout set-up is discussed in detail. The intensity profile of an N-beam combiner is investigated by varying the phase angle between adjacent input waves. The entire solution which describes the amplitude of a combined beam is derived from generalized coupled wave theory. A simplified experimental set-up without a complicated PZT controller is demonstrated using a planoconvex lens. In order to provide six coherent light sources in future work, the injection locking of a single laser diode to the master laser diode is performed. An expected read-out setup is proposed to carry out both the achievement of six coherent sources and a 6 beam combination.