Haimo's book : rhetorical pedagogy in a medieval clerical miscellany (Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek Clm 14062, ff. 56r-119v)

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2001-12

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Abstract

It is common in medieval studies to devote an entire study to a single text: modern editions of medieval texts, for instance, often contain an edited text of a single work along with a listing of the manuscripts used to produce that edited text. Reading one single text was not, however, the medieval experience: more typically, a medieval student would encounter a manuscript containing many texts. This study, therefore, makes use of a medieval manuscript composed of several rhetorical texts in order to shed light on medieval rhetorical pedagogy. The second part of a composite manuscript, folios 56r through 119v of Munich Bayerische Staatsbibliothek Clm 14062, was originally a separate, late thirteenth- /early fourteenth-century German manuscript. It served, like many of its type, as a rhetorical textbook and sermon composition manual for producers of the primary mode of oral rhetoric in the Middle Ages, preaching. It contains a collection of pedagogical texts used to teach religious rhetoric: these include Thomas of Chobham’s Summa de arte predicandi, or ‘Compendium on the art of preaching,’ which teaches preachers how best to compose and deliver sermons; a collection of sermon outlines following the liturgical calendar; two elementary schooltexts, William of Montibus’ Peniteas cito, a penitential text used in schools, and the anonymous Chartula, a collection of short Latin verses used in composition exercises; and two works that could function as inventional devices, Thomas of Chobham’s Summa de commendatione virtutum et extirpatione vitiorum, or ‘Compendium on advocating virtue and uprooting vice,’ and a bestiary, Konrad of Mure’s De naturis animalium, or ‘On the nature of animals.’

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