Fibers from the forest: mestizo, Afro-Ecuadorian and Chachi ethnobotany of piquigua (Heperopsis ecuadorensis, Araceae) and mocora (Astrocaryum standleyanum, Arecaceae) in northwestern Ecuador

dc.contributor.advisorDoolittle, William Emeryen
dc.contributor.advisorPerez, Francisco L.en
dc.creatorFadiman, Maria Graceen
dc.date.accessioned2008-08-28T21:26:41Zen
dc.date.available2008-08-28T21:26:41Zen
dc.date.issued2003en
dc.descriptiontexten
dc.description.abstractThis dissertation explores the uses of two tropical rainforest plants by three different people living in one common area. The setting is the Mache-Chindul Ecological Reserve in northwestern Ecuador, an environmentally sensitive area and hot spot of biodiversity. The two plants are Heteropsis ecuadorensis, Araceae, and Astrocaryum standleyanum, Arecaceae, known locally as piquigua and mocora, respectively. They are used principally for their fibers. The three people are the indigenous Chachi, and two ethnically distinct groups of colonists, mestizos and AfroEcuadorians. Previous studies in ethnobotany have looked mainly at indigenous people’s use of wild plants. This study is significant in that it not only examines the practices of an indigenous people who have lived in the area for centuries, but it compares their activities to those of two different groups of relative newcomers. The issues of culture and conservation versus economics and development are explored in regard to non-timber forest resources. Collection of plant materials as well as their use is investigated, particularly in regard to resource sustainability and the potential for generating income. Plant densities, population structures, growth rates, and edaphic characteristics are examined. Findings of this study challenge some long-held notions about specific peoples’ attitudes toward and use of the environment. Most importantly, this dissertation finds recent interlopers may have a greater conservation ethic than do the indigenous people. Implications are discussed.
dc.description.departmentGeography and the Environmenten
dc.format.mediumelectronicen
dc.identifierb56748668en
dc.identifier.oclc56043361en
dc.identifier.proqst3116301en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2152/565en
dc.language.isoengen
dc.rightsCopyright is held by the author. Presentation of this material on the Libraries' web site by University Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin was made possible under a limited license grant from the author who has retained all copyrights in the works.en
dc.subject.lcshAraceae--Ecuadoren
dc.subject.lcshPalms--Ecuadoren
dc.subject.lcshEthnobotany--Ecuadoren
dc.subject.lcshHuman-plant relationships--Ecuadoren
dc.titleFibers from the forest: mestizo, Afro-Ecuadorian and Chachi ethnobotany of piquigua (Heperopsis ecuadorensis, Araceae) and mocora (Astrocaryum standleyanum, Arecaceae) in northwestern Ecuadoren
dc.type.genreThesisen

Files