La literatura de viaje española del siglo XIX, una tipología
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This typology of the XlXth century peninsular travel literature offers a model for possible fiiture studies of the travel literature of different centuries and different countries and leads to the tracking of a possible evolution of the subgenres proposed. In the light of numerous previous and recent efforts of classification by authors such as: Angela Pérez Mejía, Femando Cristovaô, Lily Litvak, Otmar Ette, Charles Batten and many more, and as they transcend a chronological order or an evolution according to the literary trends of the century, the subgenres are based on content, which was determined to be the best way to proceed. The findings of this study show that what determines the subgenres is, besides the examination of the content, the didactic intention of the author combined with the specific reader horizon of expectations for the particular travel book. The travel book of the "aesthetic-cuitural" type includes authors such as el Duque de Rivas (Angel de Saavedra), Pedro de Alarcôn, Amôs de Escalante and Benito Pérez Galdôs; the travel book of the "economic-social" type includes authors such as Emilia Pardo Bazán, Ramon de Mesonero Romanos, and Angel Ganivet; the travel book of the "scientifîc-historicar" type includes authors such as Felix de Azara, Marcos Jiménez de la Espada, Manuel Almagro, and Ciro Bayo, and the travel book of the philosophical-political type includes authors such as Gaspar Melchor de Jovellanos, Miguel de Unamuno and Federico García Lorca. Works that belong to the "costumbrismo" movement that are classed as "artístico-literarias" have not been included in this study because of their remote relation to the main body of travel literature. The authors are famous writers of the nineteenth century well knovm to Spanish readers of the time.