Family Business outcomes: Dependent variables, cultural differences, and competing outcomes in U.S. and Taiwanese family businesses
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This dissertation, entitled â€œFamily Business Outcomes: Dependent Variables, Cultural Differences, and Competing Outcomes in U.S. and Taiwanese Family Businesses,â€ includes three different studies on family business outcomes. The three studies include a) a numerical taxonomy designed to understand the uniqueness of the family business field through an analysis of family business outcomes (Chapter Two); b) an investigation of cultural differences between the U.S. and Taiwanese family enterprises that are pursuing both business performance outcomes and family outcomes (Chapter Three); and, c) a study of how business performance and family outcomes compete when family firms pursue entrepreneurial opportunities (Chapter Four). Family business outcomes provide a perspective to analyze the distinctiveness of the family business field. Integrating insights from empirical family business literature, Chapter Two suggests a typology of seven clusters in family business research, including performance, strategy, environment, governance, succession, family roles, and family outcomes. The family-oriented clusters identified in the study (succession, family roles, family outcomes) define the unique domain of family business; the business-oriented clusters (performance, strategy, environment) are important to family business research but not unique to the domain. Governance spans both family and business systems and is used to coordinate them. An outcomes-based perspective is also useful for studying different family business phenomena as Chapters Three and Four reflect on cultural differences as well as competing outcomes. It is hoped the findings of this dissertation will turn interested scholarsâ€™ attention to family business outcomes.