Prevalence, severity, and treatment of CA-MRSA skin and soft tissue infections in 10 outpatient clinics in Texas
Forcade, Nicolas Adrian
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The purpose of this thesis was to quantify the prevalence, measure the severity, and describe treatment patterns in patients who present to medical clinics in Texas with community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) skin and soft-tissue infections (SSTI). Ten clinics participated in this prospective, community-based study. Clinicians consented patients and collected clinical information, pictures, and wound swabs; data were processed centrally. MRSASelect[trademark] was used for identification. Susceptibilities were determined via Etest[registered sign]. The results are as follows. Overall, 73/119 (61%) patients had CA-MRSA. Among these, 49% were male, 79% were Hispanic, and 30% had diabetes. Half (56%) of the lesions were [greater than or equal to] 5 cm in diameter. Most patients had abscesses (82%) and many reported pain scores of [greater than or equal to] 7/10 (67%). Many presented with erythema (85%) or drainage (56%). Most received incision and drainage (I&D) plus an antibiotic (64%). Antibiotic monotherapy was frequently prescribed: sulfamethoxazole/ trimethoprim (SMX/TMP) (78%), clindamycin (4%), doxycycline (2%), and mupirocin (2%). The rest frequently received SMX/TMP in combination with other antibiotics. SMX/TMP was commonly administered as one double-strength tablet twice daily. Isolates were 93% susceptible to clindamycin and 100% susceptible to vancomycin, doxycycline, SMX/TMP, and linezolid. We report a predominance of CA-MRSA SSTIs, favorable susceptibilites, and frequent prescribing of SMX/TMP in primary care clinics located in South Texas.