Foreign language listening comprehension anxiety and anxiety management strategies
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By reviewing previous studies, this report aims to explore foreign language listening anxiety and provide a description of anxiety management strategies. There are three parts in the literature review: First, the report discusses the definition and process of listening comprehension; second, it investigates the concept and components of foreign language anxiety and its measurement and impact; finally, the literature review focuses on the importance of foreign language listening comprehension anxiety, and lists its possible sources and influences. In the pedagogical implication portion, this report lists nine listening anxiety reducing strategies developed from the findings in the literature review. By incorporating these strategies into language learning, learners can alleviate the negative influence from foreign language listening anxiety.