Comparison of the effects of aquatic and land-based balance training programs on the proprioception of college-aged recreational athletes.
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Purpose: To determine if aquatic and land-based balance training programs created significantly different improvements in levels of balance ability measured among college-aged recreational athletes. Methods: 18 active males and females, ages 18 – 35, were randomly assigned to an aquatic or land-based training group. Following baseline testing for various measures of postural control using the Limits of Stability, Unilateral Stance, and Sensory Organization Test protocols, the intervention groups performed a preset program of balance exercises three days a week for six weeks. Balance ability was then reassessed using the three test batteries to determine if any differences existed. Statistical analysis: A 2 (group) x 2 (pre-test,post-test) mixed analysis of variance was performed to determine statistical significance. Results: No significant differences were found between groups among any measures of balance ability.