Rapidly Sheared Compressible Turbulence: Characterization of Different Pressure Regimes and Effect of Thermodynamic Fluctuations
Bertsch, Rebecca Lynne
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Rapid distortion theory (RDT) is applied to compressible ideal-gas turbulence subjected to homogeneous shear flow. The study examines the linear or rapid processes present in turbulence evolution. Specific areas of investigation include:(i) characterization of the multi-stage flow behavior,(ii) changing role of pressure in the three-regime evolution and (iii) influence of thermodynamic fluctuations on the different regimes. Preliminary investigations utilizing the more accurate Favre-averaged RDT approach show promise however, this approach requires careful validation and testing. In this study the Favre-averaged RDT approach is validated against Direct Numerical Simulation (DNS) and Reynolds-averaged RDT results. The three-stage growth of the flow field statistics is first confirmed. The three regime evolution of turbulence is then examined in three different timescales and the physics associated with each regime is discussed in depth. The changing role of pressure in compressible turbulence evolution shows three distinct stages. The physics of each stage is clearly explained. Next, the influence of initial velocity and thermodynamic fluctuations on the flow field are investigated. The evolution of turbulence is shown to be strongly dependent on the initial gradient Mach number and initial temperature fluctuations which tend to delay the onset of the second regime of evolution. The initial turbulent Mach number, which quantifies velocity fluctuations in the flow, influences turbulence evolution only weakly. Comparison of Reynolds-averaged RDT against Favre-averaged RDT for simulations of nonzero initial flow field fluctuations shows the higher fidelity of the latter approach.