A Fuzzy Logic-Based Approach for Node Localization in Mobile Sensor Networks
Chenji Jayanth, Harshavardhan
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In most range-based localization methods, inferring distance from radio signal strength using mathematical modeling becomes increasingly unreliable and complicated in indoor and extreme environments, due to effects such as multipath propagation and signal interference. We propose FuzLoc, a range-based, anchor-based, fuzzy logic enabled system system for localization. Quantities like RSS and distance are transformed into linguistic variables such as Low, Medium, High etc. by binning. The location of the node is then solved for using a nonlinear system in the fuzzy domain itself, which outputs the location of the node as a pair of fuzzy numbers. An included destination prediction system activates when only one anchor is heard; it localizes the node to an area. It accomplishes this using the theoretical construct of virtual anchors, which are calculated when a single anchor is in the node?s vicinity. The fuzzy logic system is trained during deployment itself so that it learns to associate an RSS with a distance, and a set of distances to a probability vector. We implement the method in a simulator and compare it against other methods like MCL, Centroid and Amorphous. Extensive evaluation is done based on a variety of metrics like anchor density, node density etc.