Spectrum Sharing in Cognitive Radio Systems Under Outage Probablility Constraint
Cai, Pei Li
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For traditional wireless communication systems, static spectrum allocation is the major spectrum allocation methodology. However, according to the recent investigations by the FCC, this has led to more than 70 percent of the allocated spectrum in the United States being under-utilized. Cognitive radio (CR) technology, which supports opportunistic spectrum sharing, is one idea that is proposed to improve the overall utilization efficiency of the radio spectrum. In this thesis we consider a CR communication system based on spectrum sharing schemes, where we have a secondary user (SU) link with multiple transmitting antennas and a single receiving antenna, coexisting with a primary user (PU) link with a single receiving antenna. At the SU transmitter (SU-Tx), the channel state information (CSI) of the SU link is assumed to be perfectly known; while the interference channel from the SU-Tx to the PU receiver (PU-Rx) is not perfectly known due to less cooperation between the SU and the PU. As such, the SU-Tx is only assumed to know that the interference channel gain can take values from a finite set with certain probabilities. Considering a SU transmit power constraint, our design objective is to determine the transmit covariance matrix that maximizes the SU rate, while we protect the PU by enforcing both a PU average interference constraint and a PU outage probability constraint. This problem is first formulated as a non-convex optimization problem with a non-explicit probabilistic constraint, which is then approximated as a mixed binary integer programming (MBIP) problem and solved with the Branch and Bound (BB) algorithm. The complexity of the BB algorithm is analyzed and numerical results are presented to validate the eff ectiveness of the proposed algorithm. A key result proved in this thesis is that the rank of the optimal transmit covariance matrix is one, i.e., CR beamforming is optimal under PU outage constraints. Finally, a heuristic algorithm is proposed to provide a suboptimal solution to our MBIP problem by efficiently (in polynomial time) solving a particularly-constructed convex problem.