ULTRASHORT LASER PULSE PROPAGATION IN WATER
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We simulate ultrashort pulse propagation through water by numerical methods, which is a kind of optical communication research. Ultrashort pulses have been known to have non Beer-Lambert behavior, whereas continuous waves (CW) obey the Beer-Lambert law. People have expected that the ultrashort pulse loses less intensity for a given distance in water than CW which implies that the pulse can travel over longer distances. In order to understand this characteristic of the pulse, we model numerically its spectral and temporal evolution as a function of traveling distance through water. We achieve the pulse intensity attenuation with traveling distance, obtain the temporal envelope of the pulse and compare them with experimental data. This research proves that the spectral and temporal profile of a pulse can be predicted knowing only the intensity spectrum of the input pulse and the refractive index spectrum of water in the linear regime. The real feasibility and the advantage of using an ultrashort pulse as a communication carrier will also be discussed.