Fabrication of organic and inorganic nanoparticles using electrospray
Deotare, Parag Bhaskar
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A new fabrication process of organic and inorganic nanoparticles and cups by electrospraying blended polymer-sol-gel solutions followed by calcination has been investigated. Because of low viscosity and high surface tension of blended polymersol- gel solutions, an electrostatically extruded continuous liquid jet from the spray source became tiny droplets with diameter of less than 1?m in transit. They were collected as dried formats at the counter electrode. These are then calcinated to eliminate polymers as well as cross-link sol-gel material. Silica nanocups have been fabricated using the above technique and the probable methods to control their morphology by varying the ionic concentration have been investigated. Experiments with biodegradable polymers, like Poly Lactic Acid (PLA) and polyvinylpyrrolidine (PVP) to fabricate nanoparticles using the above technique, have also been carried out. The potential use of such biodegradable particles in drug delivery has been demonstrated. This method can encapsulate drug in the particles without the need of any stabilizer which can cause unwanted effect on the drug. The effect of solvents, polymer concentration and deposition distance on morphology and diameter of particles was also investigated on PLA particles. This process is a simple and efficient approach for producing nanocomposite cups that cannot be made by an aggregation method and also nano/micro particles which may find their use in drug delivery and filtration media. Finally, a new technique to sort the particles based on their dimensions is demonstrated. Because of interactions between charged droplets and a non-linear electrostatic field, nanoparticles with different dimensions are deposited at different locations. By using this principle, silica nanocups have been sorted into three groups with mean diameters of 0.31 ?m, 0.7 ?m and 1.1?m and a standard deviation of 20%.