Wideband phased array antennas and compact, harmonic-suppressed microstrip filters
MetadataShow full item record
Modern satellite, wireless communications, and radar systems often demand wideband performance for multi-channel and multi-function operations. Among these applications, phased array antennas play an important role. This dissertation covers two wideband phased array antennas, one produces linear polarization and one produces circular polarization. The main difference between these two phased array antennas is the antenna array. For the linearly polarized array, a wideband microstrip line to slotline transition is used to feed a Vivaldi antenna. For the circularly polarized array, a wideband microstrip line to parallel stripline transition is used to feed a spiral antenna. From 3 to 12 GHz, the linearly polarized beam is steered over ? 15?. Since the electromagnetic spectrum is limited and has to be shared, interference is getting serious as more and more wireless applications emerge. Filters are key components to prevent harmonic interference. The harmonic signals can be suppressed by cascading additional lowpass filters or bandstop filters. A bandstop filter combining shunt open stubs and a spurline is proposed for a compact size and a deeper rejection. Two lowpass filters with interdigital capacitors and slotted ground structures are also studied. Harmonic suppression can also be achieved with the modification of bandpass filters. Three conventional bandpass filters with spurious passbands are investigated. The first one is a dual-mode patch bandpass filter. The second passband of the proposed filter is at 2.88fo, where fo is the fundametal frequency. The second filter is an open-loop bandpass filter. Two open stubs are added to achieve high suppression in the second harmonic signal. The suppression of 35 dB at the second harmonic is obtained. For the third filter using half-wavelength open stubs, a T-shaped line is used to replace the quarter-wavelength connecting line. The T-shaped line has the same response with the connecting line in the passband. Furthermore, the T-shaped line works as a bandstop filter at the second harmonic. Finally, a new compact slow-wave resonator and bandpass filters are presented. A simple transmission-line model is used to predict the resonant frequency. Compared with the conventional uniform half-wavelength resonator, the slow-wave resonator shows a 25% size reduction.