Co-located Collaborative Information-based Ideation through Embodied Cross-Surface Curation
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We develop an embodied cross-surface curation environment to support co-located, collaborative information-based ideation. Information-based ideation (IBI) refers to tasks and activities in which people generate and develop significant new ideas while working with information. Curation is the process of gathering and assembling objects in order to express ideas. The linear media and separated screens of prior curation environments constrain expression. This research utilizes information composition of rich bookmarks as the medium of curation. Visual representation of elements and ability to combine them in a freeform, spatial manner mimics how objects appear and can be manipulated in the physical world. Metadata of rich bookmarks leverages capabilities of the WWW. We equip participants with personal IBI environments, each on a mobile device, as a base for contributing to curation on a larger, collaborative surface. We hypothesize that physical representations for the elements and assemblage of curation, layered with physical techniques of interaction, will facilitate co-located IBI. We hypothesize that consistent physical and spatial representations of information and means for manipulating rich bookmarks on and across personal and collaborative surfaces will support IBI. We hypothesize that the small size and weight of personal devices will facilitate participants shifting their attention from their own work to each other and collaboration. We evaluated the curation environment by inviting couples to participate in a home makeover design task in a living-room lab. We demonstrated that our embodied cross-surface curation environment supports creative thinking, facilitates communication, and stimulates engagement and creativity in collaborative IBI.