# Browsing by Subject "Large Eddy Simulation"

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Item Massively-Parallel Spectral Element Large Eddy Simulation of a Ring-Type Gas Turbine Combustor(2012-07-16) Camp, Joshua LaneShow more The average and fluctuating components in a model ring-type gas turbine combustor are characterized using a Large Eddy Simulation at a Reynolds number of 11,000, based on the bulk velocity and the mean channel height. A spatial filter is applied to the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations, and a high pass filtered Smagorinsky model is used to model the sub-grid scales. Two cases are studied: one with only the swirler inlet active, and one with a single row of dilution jets activated, operating at a momentum flux ratio J of 100. The goal of both of these studies is to validate the capabilities of the solver NEK5000 to resolve important flow features inherent to gas turbine combustors by comparing qualitatively to the work of Jakirlic. Both cases show strong evidence of the Precessing Vortex Core, an essential flow feature in gas turbine combustors. Each case captures other important flow characteristics, such as corner eddies, and in general predicts bulk flow movements well. However, the simulations performed quite poorly in terms of predicting turbulence shear stress quantities. Difficulties in properly emulating the turbulent velocity entering the combustor for the swirl, as well as mesh quality concerns, may have skewed the results. Overall, though small length scale quantities were not accurately captured, the large scale quantities were, and this stress test on the HPF LES model will be built upon in future work that looks at more complex combustors.Show more Item Numerical simulation of flow distribution for pebble bed high temperature gas cooled reactors(Texas A&M University, 2004-09-30) Yesilyurt, GokhanShow more The premise of the work presented here is to use a common analytical tool, Computational Fluid dynamics (CFD), along with a difference turbulence models. Eddy viscosity models as well as state-of-the-art Large Eddy Simulation (LES) were used to study the flow past bluff bodies. A suitable CFD code (CFX5.6b) was selected and implemented. Simulation of turbulent transport for the gas through the gaps of the randomly distributed spherical fuel elements (pebbles) was performed. Although there are a number of numerical studies () on flows around spherical bodies, none of them use the necessary turbulence models that are required to simulate flow where strong separation exists. With the development of high performance computers built for applications that require high CPU time and memory; numerical simulation becomes one of the more effective approaches for such investigations and LES type of turbulence models can be used more effectively. Since there are objects that are touching each other in the present study, a special approach was applied at the stage of building computational domain. This is supposed to be a considerable improvement for CFD applications. Zero thickness was achieved between the pebbles in which fission reaction takes place. Since there is a strong pressure gradient as a result of high Reynolds Number on the computational domain, which strongly affects the boundary layer behavior, heat transfer in both laminar and turbulent flows varies noticeably. Therefore, noncircular curved flows as in the pebble-bed situatio n, in detailed local sense, is interesting to be investigated. Since a compromise is needed between accuracy of results and time/cost of effort in acquiring the results numerically, selection of turbulence model should be done carefully. Resolving all the scales of a turbulent flow is too costly, while employing highly empirical turbulence models to complex problems could give inaccurate simulation results. The Large Eddy Simulation (LES) method would achieve the requirements to obtain a reasonable result. In LES, the large scales in the flow are solved and the small scales are modeled. Eddy viscosity and Reynolds stress models were also be used to investigate the applicability of these models for this kind of flow past bluff bodies at high Re numbers.Show more